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Short Description

A short description of each organisation part of the project
  • 1. CNRS-IPSL:

CNRS, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, is the main French research institution. CNRS acts here in the name of the Institut Pierre Simon Laplace.

IPSL is a federative institute located in Paris composed of 5 research laboratories working on global environmental and climate studies. It gathers about 750 scientists (280 researchers, 240 engineers) and represents more than a third of the national research potential in atmospheric and oceanic sciences. Main laboratories involved in IS-ENES are Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environnement, Laboratoire de Météorologie Dynamique and Laboratoire d’Océanographie et du Climat. One of the main objectives of IPSL is to understand climate variability, both natural and anthropogenic. IPSL has developed an Earth system climate model and was one of the first groups to simulate the coupled climate-carbon system. IPSL has also been involved in several European projects such as ENSEMBLES, PRISM, and METAFOR. CNRS-IPSL (1) will also bring expertise on the NEMO component, in model evaluation through the coordination of several international modelling intercomparison projects, in high-performance computing as well as in data handling.

Tasks assigned:
Coordination of IS-ENES and leader of WP1 and NA1; Co-leader of NA3 and JRA3, JRA5; Participates to SA1, SA2, JRA1 and JRA2

  • 2. MPG / MPI-Met:

Max Planck Institute for Meteorology (MPIMET)’s overall mission is to understand how physical, chemical, and biological processes, as well as human behaviour, contribute to the dynamics of the Earth system, and specifically how they relate to global and regional climate changes. MPIMET has made major contributions to the simulation and analysis of a human influence on climate in detection and attribution studies. MPIMET, together with the COSMOS community, has developed a comprehensive Earth system model (ESM), the COSMOS model, in which the physical aspects of the climate system are coupled with biogeochemical cycles, and makes this model available to the scientific community in Europe and elsewhere. MPIMET will also bring expertise in IT in the field of climate models as well as on the CDO software. MPIMET is committed to informing decision-makers and the public on questions related to Climate Change and Global Change. Finally, MPIMET is managing the International Max Planck Research School on Earth System Modelling, which hosts approximately 50 PhD students.

The Model and Data group (M&D) is hosted at the Max-Planck-Institute for Meteorology in Hamburg. Group's mission is to provide central support for the German and European climate research community. Emphasis is on application of climate models and scientific climate data management. Together with the German Climate Computing DKRZ, M&D operates the ICSU World Data Centre for Climate which archives and disseminates more than 340 TB climate model data and related observations. All WDCC data are accessible by a standard web-interface ( Developments of networking and archive federation are currently performed in research projects and international cooperation.

Tasks assigned:
Technical coordination of IS-ENES, co-coordination of NA1, coordination of SA2 and co-coordination of JRA4. Also contributes to the other WPs

  • 3. CERFACS:

CERFACS, established in 1987 in Toulouse (France), is currently one of the world's leading research institutes working on efficient algorithms for solving large scale scientific problems. The CERFACS Climate Modelling and Global Change team conducts basic scientific research and high-level technical developments in the field of climate studies. In particular, the team develops the OASIS coupler software, currently used by more than 25 climate modelling groups around the world, and that naturally emerged as an essential element of the PRISM project. Assembling Coupled General Circulation Models, using state-of-art component models, porting and optimising them on a variety of platforms, complement CERFACS mission in performing high resolution climate simulations. Recent scientific projects focus on the impacts due to anthropogenic climate change at regional scale with specific interest in the changes of extreme events distribution and hydrological cycle properties.

Tasks assigned:
Leads NA3 and JRA5, participates to NA2 (Scientific workflows), JRA1 (OASIS4) and JRA2 (Performance), JRA4 (User Services).

  • 4. DKRZ:

DKRZ is a national German facility, providing state-of-the-art super-computing data service and other associated services to the German and also the international scientific community to conduct top of the line Earth System and Climate Modelling. DKRZ operates a fully scalable supercomputing system designed for and dedicated to earth system modelling. During the year 2008, DKRZ will replace its current high performance computing system with a new 7640 core IBM Power6 supercomputer with a peak performance of 140 TeraFlops and will upgrade its mass storage system to a capacity of several tens of PetaByte. Associated services provided by DKRZ include general user support as well as specific support in scientific computing. DKRZ plays an active role within the German e-science initiative and is a leading partner within the Collaborative Climate Community Data and Processing Grid (C3-Grid, see also DKRZ has been partner of EGEE (I to III) since the beginning.

Tasks assigned:
DKRZ is coordinator of NA2, co-coordinator of SA1 and contributes to the parallel I/O task of JRA1

  • 5. FMI:

Finnish Meteorological Institute (FMI) is a research and service organisation under the Ministry of Transport and Communications of Finland. The main objective of FMI is to provide the Finnish society with the best possible information about the atmosphere in and around Finland. FMI has about 550 employees of which about 250 in the “Research and Development” sector. Climate change research at FMI covers both measurements and modelling. Aerosol research of FMI is of special interest. It covers measurements and modelling on research topics such as biogenic emissions, new particle formation and growth processes, size-segregated aerosol characteristics and aerosol cloud activation. New schemes are developed in a box-model context and tested in the COSMOS-ESM, especially those regarding aerosol microphysics, cloud-aerosol interactions and subgrid-scale cloud radiative effects.

Tasks assigned :
Coordination of SA1, subtasks in JRA1, JRA2 and NA2.

  • 6. UNIMAN:

The Centre for Novel Computing (CNC) is an interdisciplinary research group located in the RAE 5* rated School of Computer Science at the University of Manchester. CNC's research is application motivated with a mission to investigate techniques, and develop associated tools, for support of high performance computing. CNC aims to mediate between the increasingly challenging applications found in Computational Science and Engineering (CS&E) and the increasingly complex base technologies for high performance computing. The CNC was established in 1990 with foundation funding from the then SERC's Novel Architecture Computing Committee. To date, the Centre has been awarded around 8M pounds worth of research grants from the EPSRC and other UK Research Councils, the EU Framework Programmes, UK government and other sources. Its accumulated experience in the field exceeds 100 person-years.

Tasks assigned:
Leader of JRA2 and co-leader of JRA1.

  • 7. AA:

The Research Centre for Atmospheric Physics and Climatology of the Academy of Athens is addressing both global and regional climate changes in different space and time scales. The Centre is collaborating with international Research Institutions (University of Oslo, NASA/GISS, University of Bern) as well as other Universities and Institutions in Greece. The Centre focuses on climate processes through both observational analyses from satellite and surface platforms and climate modelling studies. In particular, the Centre is developing a strategy to expand its activities in studies of the global water and energy cycles, the carbon cycle, and the ocean circulation, with the objective to understand the operation of the main physical processes and to predict their change with climate warming. The Centre will be involved in studies not only of future but also of past and present climate variability, trends and extreme events on time scales from years to centuries. Finally, Centre affiliated scientists have long been working in studies of changes in the ozone layer and climate changes resulting from ozone-climate interactions. 

Tasks assigned:
Leader of JRA3 and for the evaluation of cloud, radiation, precipitation, and ocean circulation changes simulated by Earth System Models.

  • 8. STFC:

The British Atmospheric Data Centre (BADC) and the NERC Earth Observation Data Centre together form the core of the Centre for Environmental Data Archival (CEDA) at the UK Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC). Both data centres are core funded by the UK Natural Environment Research Council (NERC). BADC currently has in excess of 10,000 registered users, 1700 of whom were active in 2006, downloading a total of 10 TB from 128 distinct datasets. Approximately 25% of the users are from outside the UK. BADC is the contract holder for the UK Department of Environment and Rural Affairs (DEFRA) support for the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) data centre (, providing METOFFICE Hadley Centre model data to the research community, and a new website (under construction) to provide the UK Climate Impacts 2008 regional climate information (UKCIP08). BADC is a partner in METAFOR developing a Common Information Model for Earth System Model data and will host a node of the distributed model intercomparison archive for the 5th Assessment Report of the IPCC.

Tasks assigned:
Leading JRA4, co-leading SA2

  • 9. CMCC:

CMCC (Centro Euro-Mediterraneo per i Cambiamenti Climatici) is a Ltd Company with its registered office and administration in Lecce and local units in Lecce, Bologna, Venice, Capua and Sassari. The society doesn't pursue profitable ends and aims to realize and manage the Centre, its promotion, and research coordination and different scientific and applied activities in the field of climate change study. CMCC favours collaboration among Universities, national and international research bodies, territorial bodies and the industrial sector. It operates in these circles in the name and on behalf of its consortium partners. The hardware equipment concerns both IBM (parallel scalar) and NEC SX9 (parallel vector) machines. Moreover SPACI, as CMCC associate centre, will provide IA64 Itanium2-based cluster. More info on CMCC and the research activities developed by its six Divisions can be found at CMCC will bring expertise in ESM modelling with the CMCC model as well as on grid-technology. CMCC also coordinates the FP6 CIRCE project on the impacts of climate change in the Mediterranean region.

Tasks assigned:
CMCC (9) will contribute to NA1, NA2, NA3, JRA2, JRA4, JRA5.

  • 10. METOFFICE:

The UK Met Office is one of the world's leading providers of environmental and weather-related services. Within the Met Office, the Hadley Centre studies the global and regional climate using state-of-the-art computer models developed by its staff. Additionally these models, in particular the Hadley ESM, are used extensively by the wider climate research community. The Hadley Centre is partly funded by DEFRA, and provides in-depth information to, and advises, the UK government on climate change issues. The Met Office sits in the PRISM Steering Board and participates to the METAFOR project. The Met Office was one of 20 worldwide groups which contributed to the IPCC AR4 model data base. The Hadley Centre will also bring expertise in climate model infrastructure. The Hadley Centre coordinates the EU FP6 project ENSEMBLE.

Tasks assigned:
Leading JRA1 and co-leading JRA2, participation in NA1.

  • 11. KNMI:

The KNMI (Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute) is the Dutch national weather service and centre for climate research. Climate research at KNMI is aimed at observing, understanding and predicting changes in the climate system. KNMI produces climate scenarios for use by stakeholders for developing adaptation and mitigation strategies. Climate research is carried out in various divisions: Global Climate Division (global climate change, coupled modelling, changes in extremes, ocean circulation, sea level rise), Regional Climate Division, Chemistry and Climate Division, Earth Observation and Climate Division and Climate Advice and Analysis Division. Climate research is supported by an Infrastructure sector in which the Research & Development division carries out innovative research. KNMI is also chair of the Steering Committee of EC-EARTH and coordinates the international effort to develop EC-EARTH.

Tasks assigned:
KNMI contributes to NA3 as a representant of EC-EARTH and to JRA5 through its expertise on impact studies.

  • 12. MF-CNRM:

Meteo-France is the French weather service. In IS-ENES, Meteo-France is represented by its research centre, the «Centre National de Recherches Météorologiques» (CNRM). The CNRM is the department responsible for conducting the largest part of the meteorological research activities, and for coordinating research/development undertakings conducted within other departments. The climate group is in charge of the studies of present climate variability and of the impact of human activities on climate. Its main specific research activities concern the development of climate models, mainly the ARPEGE climate model, the studies of climate variability, of the projection of climate at global and regional scales, of long-range forecasting, of atmospheric chemistry and of ocean-air interactions. CNRM is also currently involved in the ENSEMBLES European project for the development and analysis of regional climate change scenarios

Tasks assigned:
Contribution to NA3 (documentation and training on ESM) and JRA5 (prototype).

  • 13. SMHI:

SMHI is a governmental institute under the auspices of the Swedish Ministry of the Environment, providing operational services and long-term research in the fields of climate, oceanography, meteorology and hydrology. The Rossby Centre at SMHI is conducting both model development and modeling applications for climate change research and impact studies since 1997. SMHI is/was active partner in climate related EU projects such as PRUDENCE, ENSEMBLES, PRISM, GLIMPSE and DAMOCLES. SMHI is also involved in the development of the EC-Earth model.

Tasks assigned:
Contribution to JRA3, JRA5 (impact portal), JRA1 (OASIS), JRA2 (optimization).

  • 14. LIU:

LIU is one of the major HPC centres in Sweden with extensive experience in delivering service to the Swedish academic community and participation in international projects. The recently installed large-scale HPC system at the National Supercomputer Centre (NSC) reached position 23 on the TOP500 list in November 2007, the highest position ever for a Swedish academic system. LIU also delivers substantial computing resources and support to specific application groups, such as SMHI (Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute) for weather forecast and climate research. Furthermore LIU has been active in previous EC framework programmes.

Tasks assigned:
Contribution to NA2, SA2, JRA2, JRA4.

  • 15. BSC:

The Barcelona Supercomputing Center (BSC), established in 2005, serves as the National Supercomputing Facility in Spain.  The Center hosts MareNostrum, one of the most powerful supercomputer in Europe. The mission of the BSC (16) is to support research, develop and manage information technologies in order to facilitate scientific progress. The BSC (16) not only strives to become a first-class research center in supercomputing, but also in scientific fields that demand high performance computing resources such as the Life and Earth Sciences. Following this approach, the BSC (16) has brought together a critical mass of top-notch researchers, high performance computing experts and cutting-edge supercomputing technologies in order to foster multidisciplinary scientific collaboration and innovation. The BSC (16) has been particularly active in the 6th and 7th Framework Programme of the European Commission.

Tasks assigned:
Contribution to NA2 (ESM workflows, future HPC facilities); SA2, JRA2 (Port and performance to Marenostrum); JRA4 (Extend the GRIDsuperscalar).

  • 16. WU:

Wageningen University & Research Centre is a cluster of internationally-leading knowledge institutions offering applied and scientific research to promote the sustainable use of our environment. Research focuses on land use, water management and environment in rural and semi-urban areas and is implemented in close collaboration with stakeholders and private and public research partners. WU has a longstanding record of successfully conducting and coordinating large European projects. The Earth System Sciences and Climate Change (ESS-CC) of the Environmental Science Group of WU is expert on land-atmosphere interactions, land use change and climate change and is one the leading groups on Regional scale climate studies including impacts and adaptation. Issues at large scale are studied with integrated assessment models. The group conducted and coordinated more than 20 large EU project consortia during the last 10 years (WATCH and CarboEurope are among the more recent ones).

Tasks assigned:
Contribution to JRA5 (position paper on climate data needs in support of the EU Climate Adaptation Strategy) and NA1 (dissemination to stakeholders).

  • 17. INHGA:

INHGA is the national authority in hydrology, hydrogeology and water management; develops research activities and provides operational services of national and international public interest for the protection and socio-economic well-being of people; achieves the studies regarding the hydro-climatic variability of the Danube River and the Black Sea area; provides technical assistance and scientific guidance in the following areas: hydrologic forecasts, warnings of dangerous hydrologic events, hydrologic network and for the implementation of modernization programs of the national hydrological system. Also INHGA has extensive  experience in achieving research-development programs and projects managed and/or financed by the International Hydrological Program–UNESCO, Operational Hydrological Program–World Meteorological Organization (WMO), European Union (EU), and NATO. INHGA (18) is Romania’s representative in the hydrology domain at WMO.

Tasks assigned:
Contribution to JRA5 (tasks 1, 2 and 3).

  • 18. DLR:

The Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt e.V. (DLR) is the German national research establishment for aeronautics, astronautics, and energy technology within the Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft der Forschungszentren (HGF). The Institut für Physik der Atmosphäre performs research in several areas that qualifies DLR for the needs of the project: large-scale, meso-scale, and micro-scale modelling of atmospheric dynamics and chemistry, in situ air-borne measurements of chemical species, aerosols, and meteorological quantities, radiative transfer modelling, and processing of satellite output. The institute has many years experience in co-ordinating and participating in research projects, including many EC funded projects (e.g., SCOUT-O3, QUANTIFY, ATTICA). DLR also coordinates the CCMVal project.

Tasks assigned:
DLR will contribute to JRA2 focusing on the Chemistry-Climate Model Validation Activity (CCMVal).

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IS-ENES3 has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 824084